How is Eye Cancer Happened?

What is eye cancer?

Hearing about eye cancer everyone has no words. Cancer has no proper treatment, some types of cancer are glow slowly and some glow fast and easily in the human body. Different cancer has a different treatment, few types have best treated with surgery and some has treated with medicines.

Eye cancer when a healthy cell in the eyes are glowing fast and change they get mix up with each other.

These cell form mass of tissues which is known as a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign, a tumor can grow and do not spread are called benign tumor.

Tumor which grow and easily spread in another part of a body is called a cancerous tumor.

If these cells start developing in the eye of a human being is known as intraocular [inside the eye] or primary eye cancer and if these cells are spread in another part of a body is known as secondary eye cancer.

tumor

Types of intraocular cancer

In Eye cancer, symptoms are not noticeable at an early stage. The first sign of eye cancer is the change in vision, can no see clearly and dark spot in the eye and it can change shape and size [dark spot]. There are some types of intraocular cancer.

Uveal Melanoma

Uveal melanoma is most common eye cancer in adults, this eye cancer has involved in the iris, choroid [that supplied blood to eye] and ciliary body [ help in focus], Because of these layer cell are usually starts to change and cause cancerous.

Treatment

Most common treatment for uveal melanoma cancer is surgery, it has two types:-

  • Enucleation:- In this surgery remove the eye and part of the optic nerve.
  • Resection:- In this surgery, remove the tumor and healthy tissue which is surface of the eye in a small amount.

Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma occurs in one eye or both eye, it is common cancer in children. According to research, it is usually found in children who are below 5 years, babies are connected with this cancer when they are in the womb.

As babies are growing, eye cells are also growing and when they get out of control it forms a tumor.

Symptoms

  • The pupil is different from  other eye.
  • Eyes look in different direction at the same time.

Treatments

  • Laser therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation

Eye cancer

Intraocular Lymphoma

Intraocular lymphoma is developed in retina of  eye, it also affects the optic nerve at back of  eye. It can start with lymph nodes, a lymphatic system which is made of lymph nodes, the gland which is the help to get out of waste and germs. This is part of immune system, it has every part of the human body including eyes. It is difficult to diagnose. According to research 8 out of 10 people has intraocular lymphoma eye cancer in both the eyes.

Symptoms

Every person has different symptoms, Sometimes their no pain in eyes and no history of systemic lymphoma.

  • Vitreous floaters
  • History of Systemic lymphoma
  • Diagnosed as having chronic uveitis

Treatment

  • Rituximab
  • Medical therapy.
  • Prognosis
  • EBRT(External Beam Radiotherapy)
  • Methotrexate

Conjunctival Melanoma

Conjunctival melanoma is a tumor, this is less common than other eye cancers. The lining inside and outside eyelid is called conjunctiva.

The tumor grows in the lining it looks like dark spot in eye. 

Symptoms

  • Changes in the color of your iris
  • Redness and pain in eyes
  • Weakness that can be seen on iris or conjunctiva
  • Swelling of eyes
  • Vision changes [blurred vision or double vision]

Treatment

  • It has less treated and not found easily.
  • Surgery which can remove the tumor.

Lacrimal Gland Cancer

Lacrimal gland cancer is malignant and benign tumor of the gland which produces tears in the eyes. It is rare eye cancer.

Symptoms

  • Vision problems
  • Pain in the eye
  • Swelling around the eye
  • Feeling heaviness in the eyelid.

Eyelid Cancer

Eyelid cancer is skin cancer which is inside and outside of the eyelid. Basal cell carcinoma is the common form of eyelid cancer, it happens on the lower lid which is caused by spending to much time in the sunlight. It is easily founded and treated, it usually occurs in fair skin people and pale skin people.

Symptoms

  • Colored mass which spread on the eyelid
  • Swelling of the eyelid
  • Chronic infection
  • Feeling thickness of the eyelids
  • Skin has to change surface of eyelid
  • Skin is broken on the eyelid which is not healing.